SPEECH AND LANGUAGE DISORDER IN CHILDREN
Speech and language disorder are the basic categories that highlights the main issues of communication disorders, hearing, speech, language and fluency. The Speech disorder is the difficulty in articulation of words, stuttering is the example of this order. Articulation refers to the sounds and syllables. Many children face tempo ray delay in speech and language development. Most of them finally catch hu. While the other will continue to some difficulty with communication development. Communication disorder consist of speech disorder and language disorder. Our child needs to be tested by a speech language pathologist. A child with speech disorder can be experience a difficulty with speech sound production, voice, resonance or fluency.
Types of Speech Disorders
Many people understand one or two types of speech and language disorders. Actually, the speech therapists consider a wide range of problems. The disorder can be considering from mild to sever ranges. Some are present at birth, while others problems develop with the passage of time. Mostly 10 common types of speech disorders are listed.
10 Common Types of Speech and Language Disorders in Children
According to the speech therapist (experts) there are 10 common types of speech disorders.
Apraxia of Speech
With childhood apraxia of speech, a child has trouble making accurate movements when speaking. It happends because the brain has serious difficulty in coordinating the movements of the children.
2. Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders
Children, teenagers, and adults’ speech disorder may suffer from these abnormal movement patterns of the face and mouth. They occur due to an abnormal growth and development of facial muscles and bones, the cause of which is unclear due to speech disorder. Individuals with orofacial myofunctional disorders may have trouble in eating, talking, breathing through the nose, swallowing, or drinking.
3. Speech Sound Disorders/Articulation Disorders
This is very common in young children, articulation disorders are based on the inability to form certain sounds through vocal cards Instead, certain words and sounds may be distorted, such as making the “th” sound in place of an “s” sound. This is common disorder in young children.
Stuttering and Other Fluency Disorders
Stuttering is common disorder which is found in young children and adults. Stuttering is not pemanent in children or adults mostly nervousness become its cause.
5. Receptive Disorders
Receptive disorders are characterized by trouble understanding and processing what is said by others say, causing trouble following directions or a limited vocabulary. Disorders such as autism can guide to recipent disorders.
6. Autism-Related Speech Disorders
Autism -Related Speech disorder is challenges with social skills and repetitive behaviors. An individual with autism may have trouble understanding and using words spoken by other learning to read or write, or having some conversations.
He or she may also be hard to understand, use a robotic voice, and speak very little or not at all.
7. Resonance Disorders
Resonance disorders occur due to a blockage or obstruction of airflow in the nose, mouth, or throat, which may affect the vibrations that voice quality. Cleft palate and swollen tonsils are two main causes of resonance disorders.
8. Selective Mutism
Most often seen in children and teens, anxiety disorder characterized by a child’s inability to speak and communicate effectively in select social settings.
9. Brain Injury-Related Speech Disorders/Dysarthria
Dysarthria appears when the muscles in the lips, mouth, tongue, or jaws are too weak to suitably form words, usually due to brain damage. These include traumatic brain injury and right hemisphere brain injury in young children and adults.
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms
ADHD makes it hard for individuals to pay attention and control their own behavior. It leading to various problems with communication with young children and adults.
Testing and diagnosis
Your child’s healthcare practitioner will inquire about her language usage and review her medical history. Your youngster may be subjected to a medical examination as well as a hearing test. He may consult a psychologist. Your kid’s doctor will almost certainly recommend him or her to a speech-language pathologist (SLP), a professional who can assist in diagnosing and treating your child.
The SLP will discuss your child’s communication skills with you. She will observe how your kid talks, listens, follows instructions, recognises objects, repeats phrases or rhymes, and engages in other language and play-based activities.
Speech and Language Disorders in Children
The SLP will treat your child by teaching him to relax and enjoy communicating via play. To assist your kid with language and communication, the speech-language pathologist will employ a variety of age-appropriate techniques. She will also converse with your kid and may employ toys, books, objects, or photos to aid with language development. The SLP may ask and answer questions with your kid and will discuss the approaches that are ideal for your child’s specific type of language issue.
Depending on your child’s individual communication requirements and abilities, many kinds of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) may be introduced during a speech-language examination or treatment. AAC refers to any sort of communication that supplements or replaces natural speech.This covers both technology-free methods, such as manual sign language and graphic communication boards, and high-tech systems, such as digital devices with enormous vocabulary sets and synthetic voice output. These techniques can be used by youngsters whose speech is insufficient to satisfy their everyday communication needs and to reduce frustration when speaking.
Long-term care services
Your child’s therapy will be guided by his speech-language pathologist, but parents also play an important part in addressing language difficulties. You will be required to engage in treatment and work with your kid outside of the therapy session to assist him with his language usage and comprehension. Your child’s SLP may also meet with other caregivers and instructors who will be working with your child to address communication issues and needs.
Inquire with your kid’s SLP about what you can do at home to aid your youngster. The SLP may advise on actions such as:
- Reading and talking to your youngster will assist him in learning new words.
- Listening to and responding to your child when he or she speaks.
- Encourage your youngster to ask and respond to questions.